Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) currently in version 3 provides all the objects underpinning all Microsoft SharePoint technology. WSS is provided as a free download from Microsoft to Windows Server 2003.Windows SharePoint Services - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The SharePoint Object Model provided by WSS offers objects to support collaboration and document management functionality, centralized repository for shared documents. WSS also provides support for blogs and wikis WSS supports browser-based management and administration.
Installation of WSS on a server makes available a collection of web parts that can be embedded into web pages to provide a certain functionality. SharePoint includes web parts such as workspaces and dashboards, navigation tools, lists, alerts (including e-mail alerts), shared calendar, contact lists and discussion boards.
SharePoint serves content via IIS Web Sites. These use SQL Server technology to store content.
The web sites can configured to return separate content for Intranet, Extranet and Internet locations. In WSS these deployments have no licensing implications do so when Microsoft Office SharePoint Server is used.
SharePoint uses a similar LDAP permissions model to Microsoft Windows, via groups of users. This can be provided via Active Directory. Alternatively, other authentication providers can be added through or even HTML Forms authentication.